Research

My general area of interest is economic development and growth. I am particularly interested in the broad question "Why are some countries poor and others rich?" and even more so "Why are most poor countries concentrated in the geographic tropics"? As I continue to investigate these questions, I find myself venturing into non-traditional territory (for an economist) such as issues concerning climate, geography, politics, institutions (especially the legacy of colonialism) and most recently culture.

The challenge is to integrate these areas into an economic framework and to develop a theoretically plausible model that provides a satisfactory answer to those questions. I am currently investigating the empirical relationships between some of these external influences and economic growth.  Over the past decade and a half, I have presented numerous papers on this topic at conferences and am currently working on a book “The Roots of Underdevelopment: Geography, Culture and Institutions”, due to be published in 2017.  



Publications:

Khawar, M. 2016. “The Impact of Culture on Economic Growth and Development”, International Advances in Economic Research, 22(2), 245-246.

Khawar, M. 2014. “Climate and Economic Development: Further Evidence in Support of the Tropical Effect”, Journal of Economics and Development Studies, 2(4):1-22.

Khawar, M. 2014. “Being Relevant: Ideas for Teaching Microeconomics and International Trade”, International Advances in Economic Research, 20(3):341-342.

Khawar, M. 2005. “Foreign Direct Investment and Economic Growth: A Cross-Country Analysis”, Global Economy Journal, 5(1):1-14.

Khawar, M. 2003. “The Good, the Bad and the Ugly Truth about the Use of ‘Crib-Sheets’ in an Economics Principles Course”, Proceedings of the Fifth Annual Economics and the Classroom Conference.

Khawar, M. 2002. “Foreign Direct Investment and Productivity – Evidence from Mexico”, Journal of Economic Studies, 30(1):66-76.

Khawar, M. 2002. “Foreign Direct Investment and Economic Growth: A Cross-Country Analysis”, Proceedings of the Fifth International Business and Economics Conference.

Khawar, M. 2002. “Alleviating Math Anxiety in an Economics Principles Course – Help for the Typical Business Major”, Proceedings of the Northeast Business and Economics Association Conference.

Khawar, M. 2001. “On Being Tropical – An Inquiry into the Linkages between Climate and Economic Development”, Proceedings of the 54th Annual Conference of the New York State Economics Association.

Khawar, M. 1997. “The Impact of Multinational Firms on a Developing Country – A Trade-Off in the Long Run?”, Journal of International Trade and Economic Development, 6(1):101-112.


Conference Presentations:

Khawar, M. 2015.  “A Comparison of Culture vs. Institutions: Impacts on Economic Growth and Development”.  Presented at the 80th International Atlantic Economic Conference, Boston, MA. October 8-11.

Imai, K. and Khawar, M. 2015. “Diffusion of Democracy: The Effects of Historical and Contemporary Variables”. International Studies Association Annual Convention, New Orleans, LA. February 18-21.

Imai, K. and Khawar, M. 2014. “Culture, Economy, and Institutions: Comparative effects on democracy”. Northeastern Political Science Association Conference, 46th Annual Meeting, Boston, MA. November 13-15.

Imai, K. and Khawar, M. 2014.  "Diffusion of Democracy: Impacts of Culture, Geography, and Institutions." Pacific Northwest Political Science Association Conference, Bend, OR.  October 9-11.

Khawar, M. 2014. “Can Cultural Evolution be linked to Economic Development?”  Western Economic Association International 89th Annual Conference, Denver, CO. June 27-July 3.

Khawar, M. 2013. “The Importance of Being Relevant: Ideas for Teaching Microeconomics and International Trade”.   76th International Atlantic Economic Conference, Philadelphia, PA. October 10-13.

Khawar, M. 2012. “Making Economics Relevant – Students as Economic Investigators.” Western Economic Association International 86th Annual Conference, San Francisco, CA.  June 29-July 3.

Khawar, M. 2010. “Untangling Cultural Evolution and Economic Development”. Western Economic Association International 85th Annual Conference, Portland, OR.  June 29-July 3.

Khawar, M. 2008. “Geography, Culture, Institutions and Economic Growth: An Empirical Analysis”. Western Economic Association International 83rd Annual Conference, Honolulu, HI.  June 29-July3.

Khawar, M. 2006. “Does Geography Matter? Intra-Country Evidence from the United States”.  Western Economic Association International 81st Annual Conference, San Diego, CA.  June 28-July 3.

Khawar, M. 2004.  “On Being Tropical – An Inquiry into the Linkages between Climate and Economic Development”. Western Economic Association International 79th Annual Conference, Vancouver, BC.  June 29-July 3.

Khawar, M. 2003.  “The Good, the Bad and the Ugly Truth About the Use of Crib-Sheets in an Economics Principles Course”.  Fifth Annual Economics and the Classroom Conference, Moran, WY.  September 11-13.

Khawar, M.  2002. “Foreign Direct Investment and Economic Growth: A Cross-Country Analysis”. Fifth International Business and Economics Conference, DePere, WI.  October 11-12.
 
Khawar, M. 2002. “Alleviating Math Anxiety – Help for the Typical Business Major”. Northeast Business and Economics Association Annual Conference, Paradise Island, Bahamas.  September 26-28.

Khawar, M. 2002. “The Power of Student Presentations – Yes, Even in a Principles Course”. 13th Annual Teaching Economics Conference, Robert Morris University, Moon Township, PA.  February 22-24.

Khawar, M. 2001. “On Being Tropical – An Inquiry into the Linkages between Climate and Economic Development”. 54th Annual Meeting of the New York State Economics Association, Buffalo, NY.  October 12-13.  

Khawar, M. and O’ Brian, R. 2001. “The Impact of Weather on Human Economic Activity”. (Poster). 21st Annual Meeting of the Society for Economic Anthropology, Milwaukee, WI.  April 26-28.